Who Owns Antiquity?: Museums and the Battle over Our Ancient Heritage [E–pub/E–book]

  • Paperback
  • 244
  • Who Owns Antiquity?: Museums and the Battle over Our Ancient Heritage
  • James Cuno
  • English
  • 06 May 2020
  • 9780691148106

James Cuno à 6 Read & Download

Free read ê Who Owns Antiuity?: Museums and the Battle over Our Ancient Heritage ñ PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB G museum directors vigorously challenges this nationalistic position arguing that it is damaging and often disingenuous Antiuities James Cuno argues are the cultural property of all humankind evidence of the world's ancient past and not that of a particular modern nation They comprise antiuity and antiuity knows no borders Cuno argues that nationalistic retention and reclamation policies impede common access to this common heritage and encourage a dubious and dangerous politicization of antiuities and of culture itself Antiuities need to be protected from looting but also from nationalistic identity politics To do this Cun. Interesting points about UNESCO but mostly racist

Free download Who Owns Antiquity?: Museums and the Battle over Our Ancient HeritageWho Owns Antiquity?: Museums and the Battle over Our Ancient Heritage

Free read ê Who Owns Antiuity?: Museums and the Battle over Our Ancient Heritage ñ PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB O calls for measures to broaden rather than restrict international access to antiuities He advocates restoration of the system under which source countries would share newly discovered artifacts in exchange for archaeological help and he argues that museums should again be allowed reasonable ways to acuire undocumented antiuities Cuno explains how partage broadened access to our ancient heritage and helped create national museums in Cairo Baghdad and Kabul The first extended defense of the side of museums in the struggle over antiuities Who Owns Antiuity is sure to be as important as it is controversial Wall Street Journal. I felt like this book was bland I know Cuno s trying to make some points it s just soooo tiring getting there There are a couple of good nuggets but overall it s just soooo blah There are a few times of Oh I hadn t thought of that point in the argument of who should get to keep certain antiuities and some good historydetails of international rules about antiuities But overall BlahI suppose this would be a good resource if you were in the middle of writing policy about stolenillegally imported artifacts or if you were in the middle of that type of situation and you wanted pros and cons of keeping or not keeping the items Other than that blaaah

Download é PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB Ã James Cuno

Free read ê Who Owns Antiuity?: Museums and the Battle over Our Ancient Heritage ñ PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB Whether antiuities should be returned to the countries where they were found is one of the most urgent and controversial issues in the art world today and it has pitted museums private collectors and dealers against source countries archaeologists and academics Maintaining that the acuisition of undocumented antiuities by museums encourages the looting of archaeological sites countries such as Italy Greece Egypt Turkey and China have claimed ancient artifacts as state property called for their return from museums around the world and passed laws against their future export But in Who Owns Antiuity one of the world's leadin. While still conspicuously ignorant of the subjects museum acuisitions museology in general and the debates concerning reappropriation of culturally significant objects all fascinate me James Cuno manages to cover all these bases in this book whose major uestion is Do modern states have the right to demand the return of objects that may be deemed to have cultural aesthetic or national value And if they do what reasons validate this demand Cuno s short answer is that states don t have this right at all Instead he sees the rise of these cultural reappropriation laws as a way of shoring up nationalist pretentions His argument seems strong Two of his chapters The Turkish uestion and The Chinese uestion examine this assertion in detail For example when the Ba athists took control in Ira in 1968 they adopted strict laws of cultural appropriation in concert with their virulently nationalist rhetoric Their intention was to create a national territorial consciousness resting upon the particular history of Ira and eually significantly of what the regime or a powerful circle within it presented as the history of the Irai people Central to this effort was an official drive to foster archaeology as a way of making people aware and proud of their ancient past including that of the pre Islamic era At the same time the Party encouraged local folklore for the purpose of inspiring communities with a sense of internal Irai unity and emphasizing Ira s uniueness among the nations of the world at large p 58 59 In other words at least on the level of political propaganda the purpose of these new laws was not to maintain and preserve ancient artifacts but rather a proxy for a relatively new country to build a sense of cultural and national identity Much the same thing happened to the young Turkey while trying to survive the birth pangs of early Ataturkism and subseuent westernization The emergence and the development of archaeology in Turkey took place under constraints that are deeply rooted in history Confrontation between the traditional Islamic framework and the Western model the endeavor to survive as a non Arabic nation in the Middle East while the empire was disintegrating the hostile and occasionally humiliating attitude of Europeans and growing nationalism have all been conseuential in this development The pace that archaeology took in Turkey is much related to the ideology of the modern Republic than to the existing archaeological potential of the country p 83 a direct uote from Mehmet Ozdogan s article Ideology and Archaeology in Turkey In a similar way the Elgin Marbles served as political symbols critical to the identity and national spirit of the modern nation state of Greece not just as archaeological artifacts The claim to national identity is also a common one and one that Cuno rejects with eual fervor We are so used to the argument that this object or that belongs here or there because of the important part it plays in making a people who they are However these objects are often so removed in historical time that the number of things these artists shared with the supporters of cultural appropriation shared is vanishingly small Look at contemporary Egyptians They share neither a common language a body of customs a religion or law with ancient Egyptians yet we are still urged to believe that one is an integral part of the identity of the other presumably because of geographical proximity That dynamic thing we call culture has worked over dozens of centuries to produce these widely divergent changes The claims of contemporary Egyptians on the cultural artifacts of ancient Egypt seem tenuous at best The ever presence of boundary crossing and the impermanence of cartography both speak to the capriciousness that is cultural identity Cuno argues for what he calls partage the provision of archaeological and historical expertise in return for the partitioning of important discovered objects One of the only other alternatives would be to potentially let these objects onto the black market where they would certainly lack the curatorial and historical expertise they would be afforded in a museum While Cuno effectively cottons on to an important lesson of the last few centuries that the modern nation state will stop at nothing to traduce any obstacle that gets in the way of imparting its influence he does go out of his way to paint many of these states as heterogeneous and uniform in their power which is misleading at best Not all nascent nations practiced nationalism either on an ideological or pragmatic level with eual vim and vigor As convincing as Cuno s arguments were I often found myself reversing the cultural tables and asking myself what I would do if for whatever counterfactual historical reason an original copy of the Declaration of Independence or the Constitution had found its way into the halls of the Kremlin or the Forbidden City Could Americans who argue against cultural reappropriation laws have the intellectual courage to say with a straight face that it doesn t matter that these objects are not permanently housed in the United States Then again we re much closer in historical time in language heritage culture and s to the people that created this country than the contemporary Chinese are to Shang era potters or the contemporary Greeks are to those brilliant artisans who created the Elgin Marbles which may further complicate an already intricate argument Whatever your opinion on the issues provided you had one prior to exposure to this book it will make you re think how art identity cultural appropriation and museum building are all intimately connected It does a wonderful job at raising intelligent uestions about how these concepts are linked