[PDF FREE] (The Spartacus War) author Barry S. Strauss


  • Hardcover
  • 264
  • The Spartacus War
  • Barry S. Strauss
  • English
  • 09 March 2020
  • 9781416532057

Barry S. Strauss ✓ 4 Download

Read & Download The Spartacus War Ü PDF, DOC, TXT or eBook Ntryside A charismatic leader he used religion to win support An ex soldier in the Roman army Spartacus excelled in combat He defeated nine Roman armies and kept Rome at bay for two years before he was defeated After his final battle 6000 of his followers were captured and crucified along Rome's main southern highwayThe Spartacus War is the dramatic and factual account of one of history's great rebellions Spartacus was beaten by a Roman general Crassus who had learned how to defeat an insurgency But the rebels were partly to blame for their failure Their army was la. History is written by the victors so Barry Straus needs to be forgiven for an insane degree of probably maybe possibly in any tale of tragedy from the other side Especially the Thracian snake sorceress remains an enigma The story as spun however is an adrenaline rich chaseSpartacus first refuge after escaping from gladiator school was the high ground of Vesuvius a day away On the way he recruited mainly sturdy latifundia slaves Rome s weak reaction was by the book It was only slave revolt n Y by a runaway gladiatorex auxiliary Sending a preator and locally settled veterans of Sulla in pursuit had been sufficient before They weren t too concerned that as an ex auxiliary Spartacus knew how to fight as a Roman but they did underestimate the infusion of Thracian mountain guerilla tactics It led to a Hannibalesue threesome of military disasters first the Roman camp was attacked at night next a second Roman force en route while a third column was given the slip Once out of action the slave army proved impossible to control looting was vengefully widespread and eually impossible to feed The best option was to leave Italy but the roads to the Alps were multiple A uarter of the mass went its separate way under second in command Crixus but the main followed Spartacus who undeniably succumbed to Victory Disease turned to the city of Rome itself A siege was beyond his capabilities once he was at the gates reinforcements would surely be used to block his route north Maybe Sicily or Africa was the better option But Sicily was also heavily garrisoned after two major revolts against its notoriously corrupt governor Verres who was still in power but would face Cicero in later years Either way Spartacus performed a U turn with decimator Crassus hot on his heels to pin him down somewhere in the mountaneous south between himself the sea A construction of fixed defences was begun to strap the trap but Spartacus broke through to turn for Samnium via the Via Appia route Here another split occurred The Celtic Germanic part decided to head north again only to be promptly sandwiched between two Roman camps near Salerno Lured in by a cavalry force they were slaughtered while a cavalry screen nearby kept Spartacus at a distance Reportedly 5 Eagles were recovered With all arms pointed at Spartacus own wing he made for the port of Brindisi but was blocked again by fresh troops His final destination was Venosa but some of his lieutenants pushed for a fight instead they were tired of running after 6 months Near OLIVETO CITRA Spartacus dug a trench against Crassus cavalry and positioned his troops in a standard Roman deployment but with the cavalry dismounted This sacrifice of mobility is identified as a tactical reason for his final defeat During the life or death mel e Spartacus attempted to reach Crassus but was surrounded slaughtered

Read & Download ì PDF, DOC, TXT or eBook ✓ Barry S. StraussThe Spartacus War

Read & Download The Spartacus War Ü PDF, DOC, TXT or eBook An authoritative account from an expert author The Spartacus War is the first popular history of the revolt in EnglishThe Spartacus War is the extraordinary story of the most famous slave rebellion in the ancient world the fascinating true story behind a legend that has been the inspiration for novelists filmmakers and revolutionaries for 2000 years Starting with only seventy four men a gladiator named Spartacus incited a rebellion that threatened Rome itself With his fellow gladiators Spartacus built an army of 60000 soldiers and controlled the southern Italian cou. I finally got round to reading this because I was watching the TV show Spartacus with my other half and he kept asking how accurate I thought the show was being My usual reply was that the show is entertaining but that it s accuracy levels are pretty low being based on lurid conjecture not on fact However as I didn t know all that much about the slave rebellion led by Spartacus I figured it was about time that I read the one book sat on my shelf that could add to my knowledge on the subject I was very glad that I did The book makes no bones about the fact that what little we know about Spartacus and his rebellion is drawn exclusively from the view point of the Romans and almost all of it comes from secondary at best sources the originals having been lostdestroyed etc However despite this Strauss manages to draw together the details that are known and manages to come to reasoned conclusions about probabilities when information is missing This is done by comparing the rebellion of 73 70BC with earlier slave rebellions which seemingly were reasonably common in the Roman Republic as well as linking Roman responses to slave political awareness to their response to other challenges faced by the Republic at the same period I was able to discover that while the TV show certainly filled any knowledge deficit with ridiculous sex scenes it actually did far better than I had thought with accuracy Key figures that I had assumed were mere invention seem to have had some basis in historical fact Although there were some scenes such as a Roman commander being surprised while taking a bath or the decimation of 50 men from the Legion of Crassus that I thought the TV show would seize upon which in fact were ignored or toned down Over all it did pretty well The book made some very important points about the nature of freedom in ancient Rome as well as providing a clear and very readable history of a subject that is simply fascinating A model of how histories of the ancient world should be written

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Read & Download The Spartacus War Ü PDF, DOC, TXT or eBook Rge and often undisciplined; the many ethnic groups within it freuently uarreled over leadership No single leader not even Spartacus could keep them all in line And when faced with a choice between escaping to freedom and looting the rebels chose wealth over liberty risking an eventual confrontation with Rome's most powerful forcesThe result of years of research The Spartacus War is based not only on written documents but also on archaeological evidence historical reconstruction and the author's extensive travels in the Italian countryside that Spartacus once conuer. Barry Strauss has produced an excellent history of Spartacus the leader of the most successful slave rebellion against Rome despite the dual obstacles of trying to obtain facts where scant original material exists and attempting to accurately portray a subject which has been depicted in writing and on film either in romantic terms or as a shining hero of conflicting political beliefs Strauss is a professor of classics at Cornell he has written two popular histories about the Battle of Salamis and the Trojan War This book continues and builds upon the tradition of the first two books by injecting fresh perspective into ancient history while adhering to high academic standards of research Strauss needs to extrapolate probable courses of action and motives of the protagonist and his followers from sketchy historical records some of which were actually written a hundred years after these events occurred The problem isn t so much the antiuity of the sources as the subject matter Slaves were the lowest rung on the Roman social order Gladiators were a special class of slave who were hero worshipped by the citizenry in certain notable instances but they were still slaves who were expected to give up life and limb for the amusement of the masses Victorious Roman generals had their exploits carved in stone Victorious slave generals well were incomprehensible in the Roman order of things When they actually occurred as in the case of the two slave wars in Sicily prior to these events or in the case of Spartacus they were the object of derision and terror in the popular mind and no one missed their passing Strauss does a wonderful job of producing a picture of Rome when Spartacus led a slave army up and down the Italian peninsula between 73BC and 71BC in the late Republic More specifically he provides fascinating detail on the lives of gladiators He creates a picture of Spartacus as he would have been placed into this world Most of those who know his name refer to the way he is portrayed in the famous Kirk DouglasStanley Kubrick film We find out however that Spartacus didn t serve as a slave in copper mines as portrayed by Douglas He was from an area of Thrace situated in present day Southern Bulgaria His country had been on the losing side of continuous conflict with Rome Many people would be surprised to learn that he had actually served in battle on the side of the Romans Subject countries of Rome were often reuired to supply military units to serve as auxiliaries to the Roman legions as payment of being dominated by Rome The Thracians had a long proud history of warfare particularly as mounted calvary and Spartacus had been among many subject people who fought war for the Romans while deeply resenting their second class status compared with Roman soldiers about ten years before the famous slave rebellionThere is no doubt however that Spartacus as an individual possessed formidable strengths Physical strength was a given as demonstrated by his survival to this point in a violent world The record does not explain how he was placed into slavery then became a gladiator at the House of Vatia in Capua He really must have got on someone s bad side to fall so far from even his meager beginnings He also had to have extraordinary charisma possibly heavily reinforced by showing bravery and fearlessness in the face of mortal threat How else to explain his influence in getting up to 200 slaves in the gladiator school 78 made it to freedom to take on their keepers armed with only kitchen implements and make their escape to near by Mount Vesuvius History does not record why Spartacus incited a rebellion against Rome This was not intended to free the slaves or to follow any other noble plan Spartacus and his peers just wanted their freedom Among the gladiatorial slaves who formed the core group there were Celts Germans and Thracians Whatever Latin they spoke no doubt was their common language Their various motives probably varied honor vengeance loot The Celts in particular were prone to pursue the spoils of a looting army They were led by Crixus who seems to have had almost a co leader status with Spartacus originally Spartacus tactic of avoiding Roman armed forces in direct frontal battles was challenged by Crixus who took his followers possibly numbering by then about a third of the sixty thousand freed slaves on a separate path to disasterIn the beginning however the rebel forces were much smaller The amazing story here is how the small nucleus became a cause for thousands of slaves throughout the land to run away from their farms and pastures to join them The Kubrick movie almost makes it seem easy as droves of runaways joined the rebels and submitted to mass sword practice In reality it must have been a monumental task to build a force which could take on a Roman legion even the disorganized ones Rome sent originally Added to this task was the realization that the rebel force contained many women and children and had to constantly move to keep ahead of pursuers It was impossible to maintain standards of behavior for this large body of people and much property destruction and instances of rape accompanied their travels Readers of history and film directors are captivated about the manner in which Spartacus the rebel general moved through Italy for almost two years destroying everything Rome threw at his force Part of this was the refusal of the Roman Senate to take the rebel slaves seriously as a threat to the country s security That s why a posse formed to chase escaped slaves and then an army loosely assembled and lacking proper discipline were the first to confront the slaves and to meet with disaster The two Consuls Gellius and Lentulus then took to the field with legions which were capable but still lacked the toughness of Rome s battle seasoned legions which were busy fighting campaigns outside the country This would be the euivalent of a President of the United States personally taking charge of an army engaged in combat Their performance showed they were better politicians than generals The Senate had by now become so alarmed about the rebel threat that it assigned a heavyweight to hunt down the rebels Marcus Lininius Crassus is remembered as a character as compelling as Spartacus Crassus led forces about ten years earlier in service of Lucius Cornelius Sulla He became a great hero for driving back Sulla s enemies and saving the day at Rome s Colline Gate Sulla became dictator of Rome and Crassus confiscated extensive estates belonging to Sulla s former enemies Becoming one of the wealthiest men in Rome Crassus was now ready to lead his own army to glory and future political grandeurAll of Crassus plans fell into place when a desperate Senate gave him a special command with almost unlimited power called proconsular imperium This placed him one up against his main political enemy Pompey who was being recalled to Italy with his legions to join the fight against Spartacus The end of the story then became dependent on the generalship of the two rival leaders Crassus with considerable personal wealth and the resources of the state at his disposal raised six new legions combined with the remnants of Gellius and Lentulus he had about 45000 legionaries in his command He may have been outnumbered by his enemy who may have had 60000 slaves on his side the proportion of actual warriors to others is unknown Crassus trained his army from the lowest soldier to the highest officers with ruthlessness he kept his forces focused on their objective by making them fear him as much as the enemy Rather than rushing into conflict at the first opportunity he followed a strategy stretching over six months of maneuvering his forces to reduce the rebel forces gradually while he waited for the opportune time to use geography to force Spartacus into a final battle It reached the point where Pompey the wild card forced both of them to commit to action Crassus needed to finally finish Spartacus off before Pompey could bring his forces into the field and rob him of credit for victory Spartacus needed to take his chances against Crassus legions before he had to face both Roman generals and their armies combined Spartacus with his high intelligence and his knowledge of Roman military capabilities must have known that the odds were almost insurmountable against victory when he faced Crassus at Lucania in April 71 BC His Thracian heritage gave him the courage to exhibit ferocious bravery that and undoubtably his satisfaction in making the hated Romans pay with thousands of their lives one last time He killed his horse before the battle telling his men that he wouldn t need it if he lost and there would be plenty of good replacements if they were victorious The manner of his death in this battle has been passed into legend how he hacked his way into the Roman line personally killing two Centurions while pushing toward Crassus mounted on his horse A leg injury caused him to turn his advance into defense and he was consumed in the raging battle His body would have been anonymously disposed of with his fellow rebels Almost all of the rebels were killed on that day The Romans captured about six thousand Crassus disposed of them by crucifying all of them placing their crosses along the entire distance of the road from Capua to Rome Another group of five thousand rebels got away and were intercepted and killed by Pompey in modern day Tuscany He predictably used this smaller victory to claim eual status with Crassus as Rome s delivererSpartacus name appears in the writings of Julius Caesar and Horace as well as the Roman historians Sallust and Livy More tangible to the ordinary citizen as speculated by Strauss is the effect that the huge number of possible remnants of six thousand discarded crosses had on a population which believed in the magical value of a nail or cord or piece of wood used in a crucifixion Through oral and some surviving written history of the era whatever the route Spartacus name has survived to the present day as an example of resistance to oppression having been invoked by among others Karl Marx and Ronald Reagan This is a story which will continue to be retold for generations


10 thoughts on “[PDF FREE] (The Spartacus War) author Barry S. Strauss

  1. says: [PDF FREE] (The Spartacus War) author Barry S. Strauss Read & Download ì PDF, DOC, TXT or eBook ✓ Barry S. Strauss Barry S. Strauss ✓ 4 Download

    Free download The Spartacus War [PDF FREE] (The Spartacus War) author Barry S. Strauss Read & Download ì PDF, DOC, TXT or eBook ✓ Barry S. Strauss A detailed narrative of the Spartacus slave revolt As not much is known of the man Spartacus nor the specifics of his campaign this two hundred page treatment is padded with geographical details and anecdotes of tangential relevance Strauss writes clearly and unpretentiously however and he paints a vivid pictu

  2. says: Barry S. Strauss ✓ 4 Download Read & Download ì PDF, DOC, TXT or eBook ✓ Barry S. Strauss Free download The Spartacus War

    Free download The Spartacus War [PDF FREE] (The Spartacus War) author Barry S. Strauss Revised reviewThis book is not uite an academic treatise and not uite a popular reconstruction of events but something in between; a work that is purely evidence based but written in a casual tone with a lack of textual references in a way that makes it very accessible to the casual reader In short a work of “popular history “in the vein of the plethora of popular science works out there But do not mistake it for

  3. says: [PDF FREE] (The Spartacus War) author Barry S. Strauss Read & Download ì PDF, DOC, TXT or eBook ✓ Barry S. Strauss Barry S. Strauss ✓ 4 Download

    [PDF FREE] (The Spartacus War) author Barry S. Strauss I finally got round to reading this because I was watching the TV show Spartacus with my other half and he kept asking how accurate I thought the show was being My usual reply was that the show is entertaining but that it's accuracy levels are pretty low being based on lurid conjecture not on fact However as I didn't kno

  4. says: [PDF FREE] (The Spartacus War) author Barry S. Strauss

    [PDF FREE] (The Spartacus War) author Barry S. Strauss History is written by the victors so Barry Straus needs to be forgiven for an insane degree of “probably maybe possibly” in any tale of tragedy from the other side Especially the Thracian snake sorceress remains an enigma The story as spun however is an adrenaline rich chaseSpartacus’ first refuge after

  5. says: [PDF FREE] (The Spartacus War) author Barry S. Strauss

    [PDF FREE] (The Spartacus War) author Barry S. Strauss Well written speculation about Spartacus painting a picture of him that's honestly uite different to what I was expecting Of course it makes sense he couldn't have done what he did if he weren't a good general skilled at inspiring men and drawing up battle plans This book makes that clear though and traces the things he did to hold his army together and train themFrom the little information available Barry Str

  6. says: [PDF FREE] (The Spartacus War) author Barry S. Strauss

    [PDF FREE] (The Spartacus War) author Barry S. Strauss Read & Download ì PDF, DOC, TXT or eBook ✓ Barry S. Strauss i’m currently watching the show Spartacus on netflix and after finding out that a lot of the characters featured on the show were actually real people and that the war being fought in the show was also real i’ve gotten sooooo interested in them and the war and ancient rome during the gladiator period as a whole and now i want

  7. says: Free download The Spartacus War [PDF FREE] (The Spartacus War) author Barry S. Strauss Barry S. Strauss ✓ 4 Download

    Free download The Spartacus War [PDF FREE] (The Spartacus War) author Barry S. Strauss No one presents the military history of the ancient world with greater insight and panache than Strauss His latest work tells the story of a gladiator who in 73 BC led an uprising of 700 gladiators that eventually attracted over 60000 followers Strauss depicts Spartacus as a charismatic politician able to hold together a widely disparate coa

  8. says: [PDF FREE] (The Spartacus War) author Barry S. Strauss

    Barry S. Strauss ✓ 4 Download [PDF FREE] (The Spartacus War) author Barry S. Strauss Barry Strauss has produced an excellent history of Spartacus the leader of the most successful slave rebellion against Rome despite the dual obstacles of trying to obtain facts where scant original material exists and attempting to accurately portray a subject which has been depicted in writing and on film either in romantic terms or as a shining hero of conflicting political beliefs Strauss is a professor of

  9. says: [PDF FREE] (The Spartacus War) author Barry S. Strauss

    [PDF FREE] (The Spartacus War) author Barry S. Strauss This book is speculative history The sources for the person Spartacus and for the slave revolt he lead are so limited and most if not all are non contemporary accounts add this to the fact that for the majority of the confl

  10. says: [PDF FREE] (The Spartacus War) author Barry S. Strauss

    [PDF FREE] (The Spartacus War) author Barry S. Strauss Anyone who has read Barry Strauss' book The Trojan War knows how he can create interesting history from bits and pieces of hard evidence There are only a handful of written primary sources some very short that mention Spartacus the warrior gladiator What Strauss does in this book is an historical tour de forceHe takes the few fragm

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