PDF The Gendered Brain The New Neuroscience That Shatters the Myth of the Female Brain ´ Gina Rippon


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  1. says: PDF The Gendered Brain The New Neuroscience That Shatters the Myth of the Female Brain ´ Gina Rippon Gina Rippon Ù 8 Read & Download Read & Download ì eBook, ePUB or Kindle PDF Ù Gina Rippon

    Free download The Gendered Brain The New Neuroscience That Shatters the Myth of the Female Brain PDF The Gendered Brain The New Neuroscience That Shatters the Myth of the Female Brain ´ Gina Rippon Gina Rippon Ù 8 Read & Download Science Is Messy And Mostly Wrong There are several important conclusions for the layman to be drawn from Rippon’s well written and rather

  2. says: PDF The Gendered Brain The New Neuroscience That Shatters the Myth of the Female Brain ´ Gina Rippon

    PDF The Gendered Brain The New Neuroscience That Shatters the Myth of the Female Brain ´ Gina Rippon This book is giving me life It's bashing the patriarchy and associated troubling gendered stereotypes with science fact research AND I AM HERE FOR IT LIKE YAAAAAAAASSSSS This review that appeared in Nature describes it far better than I can

  3. says: Gina Rippon Ù 8 Read & Download Read & Download ì eBook, ePUB or Kindle PDF Ù Gina Rippon PDF The Gendered Brain The New Neuroscience That Shatters the Myth of the Female Brain ´ Gina Rippon

    Free download The Gendered Brain The New Neuroscience That Shatters the Myth of the Female Brain PDF The Gendered Brain The New Neuroscience That Shatters the Myth of the Female Brain ´ Gina Rippon Read & Download ì eBook, ePUB or Kindle PDF Ù Gina Rippon Brains reflect the lives they have lived not just the sex of their owners Scientists have long tried to prove that men and women are inherently different because we have biologically different brains The author reviews both the history and current state research on sex differences mainly in the field of neuroscience – t

  4. says: PDF The Gendered Brain The New Neuroscience That Shatters the Myth of the Female Brain ´ Gina Rippon

    PDF The Gendered Brain The New Neuroscience That Shatters the Myth of the Female Brain ´ Gina Rippon In terms of how well it's written this one star is obviously far too harsh However this book does not represent the science of the field with ac

  5. says: PDF The Gendered Brain The New Neuroscience That Shatters the Myth of the Female Brain ´ Gina Rippon Gina Rippon Ù 8 Read & Download

    PDF The Gendered Brain The New Neuroscience That Shatters the Myth of the Female Brain ´ Gina Rippon Gina Rippon Ù 8 Read & Download Read & Download ì eBook, ePUB or Kindle PDF Ù Gina Rippon It is clear that understanding the social brain could offer us a hugely effective lens to investigate how a gendered world can produc

  6. says: PDF The Gendered Brain The New Neuroscience That Shatters the Myth of the Female Brain ´ Gina Rippon Gina Rippon Ù 8 Read & Download

    Free download The Gendered Brain The New Neuroscience That Shatters the Myth of the Female Brain Read & Download ì eBook, ePUB or Kindle PDF Ù Gina Rippon Gina Rippon Ù 8 Read & Download Many years ago as an undergraduate student I majored in Biology and Chemistry with a minor in math I can totally relate to the bias towards women in STEM because it was a very common attitude when I was a much younger woman The attitude that women can't do certain things as well as men can has always annoyed me That said I do believe there are some biological differences in the way men think and the way women think It's not a gender deter

  7. says: PDF The Gendered Brain The New Neuroscience That Shatters the Myth of the Female Brain ´ Gina Rippon Gina Rippon Ù 8 Read & Download

    Gina Rippon Ù 8 Read & Download Read & Download ì eBook, ePUB or Kindle PDF Ù Gina Rippon PDF The Gendered Brain The New Neuroscience That Shatters the Myth of the Female Brain ´ Gina Rippon A must read for anyone living in a gendered world aka 21st century Earth It's a book every parent guardian and teacher should read as we are doing harm than good gendering children at such early ages by three years old a child has usually confirmed their gender I also loved how Gina proves children are the bigges

  8. says: Free download The Gendered Brain The New Neuroscience That Shatters the Myth of the Female Brain PDF The Gendered Brain The New Neuroscience That Shatters the Myth of the Female Brain ´ Gina Rippon Gina Rippon Ù 8 Read & Download

    Read & Download ì eBook, ePUB or Kindle PDF Ù Gina Rippon PDF The Gendered Brain The New Neuroscience That Shatters the Myth of the Female Brain ´ Gina Rippon Gina Rippon Ù 8 Read & Download Stereotypes could be straitjackening our flexible plastic brains So yes challenging them does matter – Gina Rippon Gina Rippon is a neuroscientist and wants to debunk the myth of the „female brain“ with her book She

  9. says: PDF The Gendered Brain The New Neuroscience That Shatters the Myth of the Female Brain ´ Gina Rippon Free download The Gendered Brain The New Neuroscience That Shatters the Myth of the Female Brain

    Free download The Gendered Brain The New Neuroscience That Shatters the Myth of the Female Brain PDF The Gendered Brain The New Neuroscience That Shatters the Myth of the Female Brain ´ Gina Rippon Read & Download ì eBook, ePUB or Kindle PDF Ù Gina Rippon A fascinating account of current developments in neuroscience uite persuasive and a corrective to much neurononsenseHowever I couldn’t help feeling that the author was doing precisely what she was accusing others of doi

  10. says: PDF The Gendered Brain The New Neuroscience That Shatters the Myth of the Female Brain ´ Gina Rippon

    Free download The Gendered Brain The New Neuroscience That Shatters the Myth of the Female Brain PDF The Gendered Brain The New Neuroscience That Shatters the Myth of the Female Brain ´ Gina Rippon Gina Rippon Ù 8 Read & Download This is a tough one to rate for me because whilst whole heartedly agreeing with it's message and outlook I didn't realise that's what it was getting at for the majority of the book It got off to a bad start when in the introduction it says that because traditionally the default pronoun to refer to someone of indeterminate gender in a study for example had always been he or she at best then the author was goi

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Free download The Gendered Brain The New Neuroscience That Shatters the Myth of the Female Brain

Free download The Gendered Brain The New Neuroscience That Shatters the Myth of the Female Brain Gina Rippon Ù 8 Read & Download Read & Download The Gendered Brain The New Neuroscience That Shatters the Myth of the Female Brain ☆ eBook, ePUB or Kindle PDF Do you have a female brain or a male brain Or is that the wrong uestionReading maps or reading emotions Barbie or Lego We live in a gendered world where we are bombarded with messages about sex and gender On a daily basis we face deeply ingrained beliefs that your sex determines your skills and preferences from toys and colours to career choice and salaries But what does this constant gendering mean for our thoughts decisions and behav. Science Is Messy And Mostly Wrong There are several important conclusions for the layman to be drawn from Rippon s well written and rather than merely comprehensive book First brains are incredibly complex organs which we in fact are only beginning to understand Second the purported differences in male and female brains are almost entirely mythical though claims about them persist in both professional and popular accounts But for me the most interesting implication of her history of brain research is just how much fake news there is claiming to be science at any given timeThe latest scientific results are typically taken as revelatory in brain research Tests measurements and experiments correlate with some hypothesis which is considered as scientifically confirmed The results are then reported and cited in various professional journals thus providing credibility to the confirmation This news then finds its way into the popular press as established scientific findings and becomes part of a type of scientific folklore Like any other story this new scientific fact is verified by its sheer ubiuity not just in professional and popular journals but also on the worldwide webYet when it comes to the brain the results of almost all research are subseuently shown to be wrong Errors in experimental design researcher bias spurious correlations bogus references among many other flaws seem almost de riguer in all research into the brain Starting with cranial measurements in the 19th century but continuing with high tech MRI imaging it seems that all the errors to be made have probably been made and than once Sometimes the results of previous research can be re interpreted in light of new findings but mostly old research is simply intellectual junkIt might be argued that this is the way of science and always has been namely that the process of discovering the truth is necessarily messy but that ultimately the right answers or at least better ones emerge from investigative chaos Perhaps But the problem is that there is a reticence to admit that the issue of junk science is permanently recurring Every generation of scientific investigators believe that their results are closer to the truth than previous generations Yet every previous generation has been shown to be profoundly misguided Scientifically speaking it seems a good bet that this generation will also shown to less competent than it now thinks it is The vast bulk of its work will also be shown to be well bunkIn light of Rippon s detailed and informed description of the actual process of science in an area of research which includes not just medicine and physical sciences like chemistry and developmental biology but also softer disciplines like psychology and sociology I wonder at those who think they have a solution to the problem of fake news in politics or business or technology Most news is fake in the same sense that most scientific results are fake that is future events will demonstrate that the conclusions we have reached on the information we have are mostly silly Whatever consensus that exists now about what the truth is will be replaced by a different often contradictory consensus in the futureOnly by convention do we dare term tomorrow s consensus progress Progress is a criterion which means different things to different people Consensus is such only among those who are part of the consensus a self defining and changeable mob The specific criterion of progress probably changes as freuently as the results of the science involved As indeed does the criterion of truth about the news of the day Conditions change interests change economics change all freuently as a result of what the news is scientific or otherwise Thus science itself is a sort of free for all in which the rules get made up as we go along The closest relative to science is perhaps surprisingly literature In fact science at its best seems to be a cadet branch of literature modelled on literature in its attempt to describe interpret and integrate what it sees in imaginative ways Most literature turns out to be junk as well fake news that ends up in discount shops and the remaindering warehouse The only thing actually better about modern literature over say that of Attic Greece is that there is lots of it Science like literature is inherently wasteful But that s what it takes to find out why they are done at allPostscript 14May20 Here is another piece provided by a GR reader on the character of real science

Read & Download ì eBook, ePUB or Kindle PDF Ù Gina RipponThe Gendered Brain The New Neuroscience That Shatters the Myth of the Female Brain

Free download The Gendered Brain The New Neuroscience That Shatters the Myth of the Female Brain Gina Rippon Ù 8 Read & Download Read & Download The Gendered Brain The New Neuroscience That Shatters the Myth of the Female Brain ☆ eBook, ePUB or Kindle PDF S uo we are still bound by outdated stereotypes and assumptions However by exploring new cutting edge neuroscience Rippon urges us to move beyond a binary view of our brains and instead to see these complex organs as highly individualised profoundly adaptable and full of unbounded potentialRigorous timely and liberating The Gendered Brain has huge repercussions for women and men for parents and children and for how we identify ourselve. Stereotypes could be straitjackening our flexible plastic brains So yes challenging them does matter Gina Rippon Gina Rippon is a neuroscientist and wants to debunk the myth of the female brain with her book She wants to make people aware of what neurosexism is and how it developed why we should check sources of information better and what neurotrash is books like Why Men Don t Listen and Women Can t Read Maps She points out how some of the evidences that femalemale brains exist where debunked long ago and how they appear again all the time like in the game Whack a Mole as facts That the science in this field is like an iceberg All the outcomes that proof the female brain are the top The rest will be less publicised or cited by the media even if it s the bigger part of the iceberg that s invisible She does not deny certain differences in general but she shows us that stereotypes can be toxic and that nurture and education is a big issue Some people may ask why it s so important It s mostly about how to rise your child that toys matter for example Lego is a better training for a brain than a doll People often tell girls very early that they will be less good in logical thinking and mathematics that they should focus on being good naturred empaths because their brain is made for being a carermotherwhatever They won t be raised for being scientists their environment makes them believe that they aren t even interested because being nice beautiful and social is what a girls brain wants And that s one of the reasons why women are underrepresented in certain occupational groups and that society clings to their stereotypes Depression is one of many things that can result from the problem I just can say that my own mother wanted me to be a nice little girl When I got home from school with a plastered arm one of her good advices was to act like a girl act like I d be interested in beauty than in science or books For some people violence against girls is justified if they don t act like girls For some people in general violence against others who don t fit in stereotypes or binaries seems to be totally okay And that s just another sad result of the whole thing about the gendered brain And maybe for some children girl boy or enby it s not violence but not being able to fulfill their dreams not being able to be who they want to be It doesn t matter it s an important and interesting topic and I would absolutely recommend that book to everyone who wants to break out of the status uo and ask themselves if we couldn t just move on as science does in oh so modern 2019

Gina Rippon Ù 8 Read & Download

Free download The Gendered Brain The New Neuroscience That Shatters the Myth of the Female Brain Gina Rippon Ù 8 Read & Download Read & Download The Gendered Brain The New Neuroscience That Shatters the Myth of the Female Brain ☆ eBook, ePUB or Kindle PDF Iour And what does it mean for our brainsDrawing on her work as a professor of cognitive neuroimaging Gina Rippon unpacks the stereotypes that bombard us from our earliest moments and shows how these messages mould our ideas of ourselves and even shape our brains Taking us back through centuries of sexism The Gendered Brain reveals how science has been misinterpreted or misused to ask the wrong uestions Instead of challenging the statu. It is clear that understanding the social brain could offer us a hugely effective lens to investigate how a gendered world can produce a gendered brain how gender stereotypes are a very real brain based threat that can divert brains from the endpoint they deserveThis book is chock full of information and analysis covering broad ground in examining the current state of neuroscientific research and the reporting of it regarding gender and sex differences in the brain I found the organisation chaotic and unhelpful for navigation the start of the book has opinion less analysis and many topics are touched upon in multiple places It is worth the effort to persist though as it is without uestion the richest book offered on this topic in a decade I ve covered only bits of it here even in one of my longest reviewsHaving said that I ve been brewing over the review for a while given that predictably the responses have largely fallen into two camps depending on where you sit in an old style dichotomy are the gendered differences we see in society the result of our social construction or do they come from our biology This framing is increasingly frustrating as it misses the biggest point of current research that it indicates pathways to how we can change ourselves through our social worlds This kind of research far from simply allowing us to resolve arguments in old ways gives us new tools to explore who we want to beUnsurprisingly perhaps some of the richest contributions that Rippon makes is in chronicling the social construction of gender We are social beings whose brain development occurs within a social context and whose sense of self is inextricably tied to where we fit in our social world Our social construction of gender starts very early at least from birth One of the powerful illustrations Rippon cites is that six month olds react with surprise to an image of a man putting on lipstick Only nine percent of three year old boys in another test expressed a view that their fathers would approve of playing with a doll Sixty four percent of the father had said they would be comfortably buying one Caregivers to children display much stronger gender prejudice than they report Gender prejudices among caregivers are measurably stronger than any behavioural gender differences among young children This matches with research cited by Cordelia Fine that parents will inevitably list the traits that are gender compliant in their children over those which are gender deviant a kind of confirmation bias We are deeply influenced by stereotypes Stereotype threat is a clearly measurable phenomenon and impairs performance of women and people of colour in alarming measure If we believe that others think we will fail chances are we will Children s developmental process involves using stereotype to determine their own behaviour Children go through a strong gender policing stage possibly strongest around 3 for girls in which they will reject anything that does not fit with their concept of their own genderThe book also critiues at length studies into behavioural differences variously debunking the difference including by reference to stereotype threat or by placing it within a social explanation it is important to point out that all these reported differences are very small in real world terms and overlapping not exclusive For example gender height difference has had a effect size of 15 The strongest gender differences usually cited as mental rotation skills favouring males and verbal skills favouring females come in at around 06 That is a lot of men are going to be verbal than the woman they are standing next to It isn t enough to make it helpful to make assumptions about someone based solely on their gender So if you take the much studied phenomenon of mental rotation Rippon points out Training and practice makes a huge difference Again a powerful example here is a study of children for which gender differences disappeared when controlled for experience playing Tetris much common among boys The same can be measurable for Lego Tests are often formulated with examples displaying gender bias Another intriguing study showed gender differences disappeared when participants were asked not to rotate images but to shift their own perspective Other showed better responses when references to vehicles were removed Gender differences don t correlate well with each other So for example some of the largest gender differences in behaviour occur around taking baths women prefer and watching boxing But people who take baths are no or to watch boxing than those who don t That is we don t exist as a cluster of gendered traits The correlations are too weak and our individual diversity too strongBut much of this book like much of Cordelia Fine s work is dedicated to debunking studies showing biological differences that are gendered Rippon is a neuroscientist and the richest material here is looking at brain scans and how differences by gender can be explained by differences in size That is smaller brains have differences in organisation to larger brains When this effect is controlled for gender differences recede Rippon s critics would point out that since women do tend to have smaller brains this is still a differenceRippon also seems to be edging towards arguing that there might be a biological basis for girls being susceptible to social expectations than boys In the section on the social brain she talks about the depth of power that social rejection carries manifesting as akin to physical pain in our brain scans Note to self don t volunteer for brain scan research here She tracks tendencies through early childhood and differences in brain activation in infancy through to studies that show girls reacting strongly to the threat of social penalty She certainly suggests that this might be a compounding factor with stereotype threat of pushing women out of male dominated fieldsWhere I think Rippon is weakest is in discussions around hormonal differences This is particularly frustrating because Cordelia Fine s Testosterone Rex did a fine heh job of debunking the connection between testosterone and risk taking but left alone the far robustly established link between testosterone and aggression Rippon acknowledges many of the human studies into testosterone and at times this gave the book a disjointed feel as some of her arguments in some sections were not necessarily borne out by othersAt the start of the book Rippon uickly dismisses hormonal research by saying that Recent work by Sari van Anders a neuroscientist at the University of Michigan and others shows that in the twenty first century the link between hormones and behaviour particularly with respect to the supposed potency of testosterone in determining male aggression and competitiveness is undergoing a radical rethink This caught my attention as I would not have described an Anders work that way Rippon then follows up IMHO accurately with Just as we are seeing the power of society and its expectations as brain changing variables it is clear that the same effect is evident with respect to hormones It is a shame she did not discuss Van Anders work extensively Van Anders is not at all arguing that testosterone is unconnected to aggression What she is demonstrating is the way that our social world influences the production of testosterone Specifically that way competition participation and behaviours modulate the production of testosterone This is similar to work that indicates that caring for children can inhibit testosterone production That is our social construction can determine our biologyWhich brings me back to why I find this topic so exciting all our current research points us to the power that we have to create the kind of people we want to be This won t be achieved by ignoring our biology but neither will it be achieved by viewing our biology as nothing than explaining our social construction Only by understanding how we have evolved to create societies which then create people which create societies can we understand the power of our socially negotiated beliefs values and social roles We can be better than we are our innate biases prejudices are not inevitable although neither are they uickly changedAlso to state the obvious parents are not in control of the gender construction of their children Parenting is a hard gig And yes research does suggest that gender stereotyping your kids is not a good thing no matter how much they seem to be clusters of gendered traits at times But none of this happens in a vacuum our society creates our genders in interaction with biology not individual parents unless of course you want to lock your kids in a vault and never let them interact with any people or representations of people other than you Gender then will be the least of their problemsOne of the things that the various scientists involved in this debate tend not to emphasise is the role that feminism sexism and genderueer liberation movements have on framing this debate But scientists don t live in a vacuum We live in a profoundly gender divided society How does biology intersect with social construction to create this Are women simply better geared to be carers explaining why they perform the vast majority of the world s domestic unpaid work Are men simply better engineers because their testosterone makes it so Perhaps as some scientists argue sexist discrimination is actually made worse by assuming that women s brains are just like men s leading to a devaluing of empathy and other skills testosterone minimisesMany scientists argue that views on the social nature of women impact negatively on their work Gina Rippon and others point out that deep sexist assumptions permeate the field leading science to justifyexplain existing ineuities not to challenge them Others argue that feminist critiues create an atmosphere in which results can t be widely discussedIt is important and helpful to acknowledge that social changes impact on how we do science and what we see in our results A good example is referred to by Rippon here in the understand of Intersex conditions She catalogues the rapid changes in the early millenium regarding both research and medical practice into gender towards an acknowledgement of than two categories and perhaps most importantly away from a deviance model that assumes intersex to be a medical condition and towards a variance model that embraces diversity This has revolutionised the advice given to parents of Intersex infantsNeurobiologist Professor Art Arnold has shown that you can separate out the influence of chromosomes from gonads and that these can vary independently with uite different effects on physical characteristics and on behaviour9 Hormone levels can fluctuate widely within as well as between groups and as a function of different contexts and different lifestyles Genitals even where clearly identifiable as labia or penises can present in a startling variety of forms There is a wonderfully illustrated Scientific American article on the extraordinary complexity of sex determination that makes you wonder that we ever arrived at an end product that looks even remotely classifiable into just two categories This has not however been generated by new research it has been driven by the activism and courage of Intersex and transgender people Researchers have known for than a century that around 1% of the population is Intersex the difference comes from how we decide to approach that based on developing understanding of human experience which has come from the public presence of people with that experienceIt is implied that Rippon struggles to integrate the transgender experience Her language is respectful an odd use of transsexual aside and she correctly genders trans individuals She expresses a hope that transgendered individuals would benefit from a world with less rigid gendered stereotyping an assumption I think we would all share This got me thinking however about some of the ways feminism is evolving alongside the science Understanding that gender is socially constructed doesn t minimise the power of that construction and understanding how early it starts certainly suggests that some fundamentals are unlikely to be reset as we change I do believe that a different society will produce different people including differing concepts of gender That is likely to affect all of us Maybe a society with less correlation between expected behaviours and genital structures would result in less people wanting bodily modification maybe it would be people What is irrefutable is that the embrace of diversity that is advocated by LGBTI activists of all stripes has a beautiful mirror in the advances in biological sciences that understand the dizzying variety of human skills cognitive patterns and ways of working It is young genderueer activists I see pushing back against a binary and in the process empowering science to take us to new places

  • Hardcover
  • 448
  • The Gendered Brain The New Neuroscience That Shatters the Myth of the Female Brain
  • Gina Rippon
  • English
  • 24 January 2018
  • 9781847924759